The claim of the working day of 8 hours
One of the basic demands of the workers was the 8-hour day . Enforcing high "eight hours for work , eight hours for sleep and eight hours to the house." In this context there were several movements, in 1829 a movement was formed to petition the Legislature of New York 's eight-hour day . Previously there was a law forbidding work more than 18 hours, " except in cases of necessity." If there was such a need, any officer of a railroad company that had forced a driver or fireman working days of 18 hours a day had to pay a fine of $ 25.
Most of the workers were members of the Noble Order of the Knights of Labor , but had more preponderance the American Federation of Labor ( American Federation of Labor ), initially socialist ( some sources indicate the anarchist origin). In its fourth congress , held on October 17, 1884 , it was resolved that from 1 May 1886 the legal length of the working day should be eight hours , going on strike if this claim was not obtained and recommending all trade unions that discussed making laws to that effect in their jurisdictions. This resolution was of interest to organizations , who saw the possibility of getting more jobs in the eight hours, reducing unemployment.
The June 25, 1868 , President Andrew Johnson issued a call Ingersoll 1 Act establishing the eight-hour day . Soon, nineteen states passed laws with maximum work eight to ten hours ( albeit with clauses that allowed enlarge to between 14 and 18 hours). However, due to lack of compliance with the Act Ingersoll , labor unions and U.S. mobilized . The press termed the move as " indignant and disrespectful ," " Rave unpatriotic lunatics " and said it was " the same as asking to be paid a salary without meeting any time to work"