The culture of Santiago del Estero is a dense interweaving of the deepest myths of native Aboriginal traditions and European medieval civilization , imposed by the Spanish.
In Santiago del Estero Quichua , a variety of Southern Quechua , which is used in 14 of the 27 departments of the province, with an estimated number of 120,000 speakers spoken . Spoken in departments Figueroa, Moreno, Robles , Sarmiento, Brigadier JF Ibarra, San Martin, Silipica , Loreto, Atamisqui , Avellaneda , Salavina , Quebrachos , Mitre, Aguirre, and west of the department Taboada .
Although Tawantin Suyu never extended east of the Sierra del Aconquija , and therefore never extended to the territory of the province of Santiago del Estero, cultural influences are noticeable occurred between ca . 1480 ~ 1535 , however , paradoxically what most influenced the dissemination of the Quechua culture traits ( among these , mainly language ) was the activity of the Spanish conquistadors and , even more , that of the missionaries used as the language in NOA , and even Cordoba Cuyo , very prestigious body Quichua indigenous people. In Santiago del Estero currently a part of the population speaks a dialect of Southern Quechua ( rune or similar ) called Quechua .
Santiago del Estero Argentina has given the major writers such as Bernardo Canal Feijoo, Orestes Di Lullo , Ricardo Rojas, Jorge Washington Abalos, Julio Carreras ( h ), Alberto Alba, Carlos Alberto Tasso and Virgil Zurita and others. Also musicians like Peteco Carabajal , Humberto Carfi , Abalos Brothers , Alfredo Abalos, Raly Barrionuevo , Jacinto Stone, Marcelo Perea, Andrés Chazarreta , Manuel Gómez Carrillo , Oscar Second Carrizo , María Inés Gómez Carrillo, Pablo Trullenque , Carlos Carabajal , Roberto Hugo Carrizo , Homero Manzi, Armando Carrizo among many others. And painters like Martin Mateo López , Ramón Gómez Cornet , Besares Soraire , Carlos Sánchez Gramajo, Alfredo Gogna , Ricardo and Rafael Touriño Luis Farías , Mario Martinez.
A decisive contribution to culture and the archaeological and anthropological sciences, did the Wagner brothers Emilio and Duncan . Of French origin , they settled in the province in the early twentieth century. His archaeological investigations uncovered a vast aboriginal civilization, which they called " Chaco Culture - Santiagueña " . As a result, the French government awarded him the Legion of Honor , in the degree of Knights